England is the largest and most populous of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom. Covering most of Great Britain Island, the countryis located in western Europe . Known as England in its own language, England is known as Angleland in history. This name, which means Country Anglus, takes its name from the Anglus, the Germanic people who invaded the island with the Saxons in the 5th century.
England, whose history goes back to the Celts, is admirable with its medieval villages, castles and cathedrals. England, which has a great influence on many issues in the world, is one of the countries where millions of people want to live with its political stance, language, literature, schools, art, music, architecture and prosperity.
England is an island country in Western Europe. England, one of the largest and most rooted states that have influenced the history, politics, culture and economy of the world, is a place where people from many countries of the world want to live with its high level of prosperity, developed economy, developed perspective in the field of human rights and democracy.
Brief information about England
The history of England begins with the Celts. Angles and Saxons began to settle on the island, which was called Britania by the Romans, from the 5th century. The island, where the Anglo-Saxon culture began to show its influence, adopted Christianity in the 8th century with the domination of the Roman Empire.
Invaded by the Danes in the 11th century, the island was independent from Edward of the Anglo-Saxon dynasty. The country, which continued its existence as the Kingdom of England, fought with the French for many years. With the document called Magna Carta, signed by the king in 1215, the king was made to accept that the king had powers against the people, and this document was the first written treaty on human rights.
The country, ruled by the Tudor Dynasty between the 15th and 16th centuries, was ruled by Elizabeth I in the 16th and 17th centuries. Elizabeth I had Anglicanism accepted as the official religion of England, which was strictly Catholic. The Kingdom of England, which gained strength in the 17th century, established colonies in North America, starting with the Jamestown colony in 1607.
Many Brits settled in North America to live a new life. England and Scotland united in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. Ireland joined this union in 1800 and thus the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established.
During the reign of Victoria I, who reigned from 1837 to 1901, the United Kingdom was transformed into the British Empire. The United Kingdom today consists of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. The name England is generally used to mean the United Kingdom or Great Britain.
ⓘ You need a UK visa to go to the UK. If you have not had any visa experience yet , my blog posts on How to Get a Visa and How Much Visa Fees will guide you. If you do not have a passport, read my Passport Types and How to Apply for a Passport . When you go abroad, you have to pay an international departure fee .
ⓘ I shared detailed information about places to visit in the city in my London Travel Guide and London Places to Visit blog posts. I recommend reading before you go. How to find a suitable hotel in the Travel Guide category , visa/passport , life-saving smartphone applications blog posts can guide you to make a more affordable UK holiday .
Where is England
England is the largest of the four European countries that make up the United Kingdom. England is located in the west of the European continent, south of the Isle of Great Britain. England, which borders Scotland in the north and Wales in the west, is separated from France by the 52 km wide English Channel.
The Channel Tunnel, which passes through the middle of the France-England border, connects the country to the European continent. Much of England is covered with low hills, but the further north you go, the more mountainous areas become. Known as the backbone of England, the Pennine Mountains divide the country in two from north to south. The highest point in the country, whose formation dates back about 300 million years, is Scafell Pike Peak at 978 meters.
ⓘ Try Airbnb , which offers affordable rooms/homes on your trip to the UK . I use it often. By clicking here , you will earn 160 TL when you sign up for Airbnb. For hotel reservations, Booking is always my first recommendation. You can book safely by clicking here ✔️
England’s London, Liverpool and Newcastle ports, which have the coasts of the Irish Sea, the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, are considered the important ports of the country. The climate of England is variable.
In the country, where the Gulf Stream warm water current affects the climate, winters are mild and summers are cool. In the natural habitats of the country, mostly small animals live in the majority, and a small number of large mammals live. On its other islands, the country is home to a large number of bird species.
How to get to England
How to go to England by plane : It is possible to go to London, the capital of England, and Birmingham with direct flights from Turkey. It is possible to go to Bristol, Manchester, Norwich and Leeds by connecting flights. From Istanbul Airport, THY flies to Stansted and Heathrow, and from Sabiha Gökçen Airport, Pegasus flies to Stansted.
Flight time from Istanbul to London is 4 hours and 15 minutes. British flag carrier airline company British Airways also has reciprocal flights on the Istanbul-London route.
There are direct flights to Manchester from Istanbul Airport by THY, and from Sabiha Gökçen Airport by Pegasus. Flight time from Istanbul to Manchester is 4 hours 25 minutes. During the summer period, there are charter flights between London and tourism centers such as Dalaman, Bodrum and Antalya.
While many of these planes carry British tourists to Turkey, they sell tickets at very affordable prices in order not to go empty-handed.
London Airports : There are 5 different airports in London, the capital of England. Heathrow Airport is the airport with the busiest air traffic among these airports. Gatwick Airport is the second busiest airport in the city.
Stansted Airport and Luton Airport are mostly used by low-cost airlines such as EasyJet and Ryanair. London City Airport, on the other hand, is in a preferred location mainly in the summer season for flights to holiday centers in Southern Europe. How to get to London I explained in more detail the subject of transportation to London in my blog post; look at.
Manchester Airport : Manchester Airport is located 15 km south of the city centre. There are taxi, bus, train, tram (metrolink), bicycle and car rental options to reach the city center from Manchester Airport, which is the third busiest airport in the country.
UK places to visit
England is one of the countries that host the most foreign tourists in the world. The city that attracts the most attention from visitors in the country is the capital, London. Visit the British Museum , one of the city’s most important museums , the London Eye , the world’s highest wheel-shaped observation point, and the wax museum Madame Tussaud . The Tower of London, one of the strongest structures in the world , and Buckingham Palace , the royal palace , should also be seen.
Manchester , known as the capital of the north, is the UK’s third most developed economy city. Manchester Cathedral, B of the Bang statue, Lowry Art Gallery, Royal War Museum and Manchester Art Gallery are places to visit in the city.
Birmingham , in the heart of England, is the UK’s most populous and second largest city after London. Aston Hall in Birmingham, St. Philip’s Cathedral, St. Chad’s Cathedral and Council House are the oldest historical buildings in the city. Birmingham Museum of Art, Thinktank (Birmingham Science Museum) and Ikon Gallery are among the most important historical and art stops in the city.
Liverpool is a very famous English city located east of the River Mersey Estuary and the birthplace of the famous musical group the Beatles. Anglican Cathedral which is a Roman Catholic Cathedral, Liver Building known as the Three Graces, Cunard Building and Liverpool Harbor Building, Japanese artist Taro Chiezo’s modern work SuperLambBanana, Beatles Museum, Liverpool FC’s legendary and historical Anfield Road Stadium, Liverpool National Museum Liverpool’ also places to see.
Leeds is the third largest city in the United Kingdom, located in the West Yorkshire Region. The 12th-century Kirkstall Abbey, City Local Government Mansion, a masterpiece of 19th-century Victorian architecture, Bridgewater skyscraper, Rochdale Water Canal, Golden Acre Park, Middleton Park, Headrow Center and Phoenix Dance Theater are among the places to visit in Leeds.
Stonehenge in Wiltshire is one of the oldest structures in the world. The ancient stones, which consist of 900 stones and are on the UNESCO World Heritage List, are thought to have purposes such as a burial place, a temple, an observatory used to mark the winter solstice. Although its purpose is not yet clearly known, it is accepted by all segments that the building was placed with a mathematical and geometric consciousness.